Moving from Scotland to Canada

1820
A New Map of Upper and Lower Canada, 1798; Stockdale Piccadilly. Source: Samuel Peter Jarvis and William Dummer Powell Collection, Archives of OntarioPinterest
A New Map of Upper and Lower Canada, 1798; Stockdale Piccadilly. Source: Samuel Peter Jarvis and William Dummer Powell Collection, Archives of Ontario

John A. was five years old when he left Scotland, bound for Kingston, Upper Canada, in 1820. The family of eight, including parents Hugh and Helen, the four children (Margaret, John A., James and Louisa) a cousin, Maria, and Hugh Macdonald's elderly mother, boarded the steerage compartment of the Earl of Buckinghamshire along with 350 other passengers. For six weeks they endured no privacy, no fresh water, two privies for the entire steerage compartment and grim rations before arriving in Quebec City and commencing the final part of their journey to Kingston.